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14 Apr 2014

Antonio Gramsci

Antonio Gramsci (Italian: [anˈtɔːnjo ˈɡramʃi]; 22 January 1891 – 27 April 1937) was an Italian Marxist theoretician and politician. He wrote on political theory, sociology and linguistics. He was a founding member and one-time leader of the Communist Party of Italyand was imprisoned by Benito Mussolini's Fascist regime. ACER Aspire 3810T-H22F laptop keyboard

Gramsci was one of the most important thinkers of the 20th century. He is a notable figure within modern European thought and his writings analyse culture and political leadership. He is best-known for his theory of cultural hegemony, which describes how states use cultural institutions to maintain power in capitalist societies. HP Pavilion...



09 Apr 2014

Muhammad Ali Jinnah

Muhammad Ali Jinnah[a] (  Audio (help•info), born Mahomedali Jinnahbhai; 25 December 1876 – 11 September 1948) was alawyer, politician, and the founder of Pakistan.[1] Jinnah served as leader of the All-India Muslim League from 1913 until Pakistan's independence on 14 August 1947, and as Pakistan's first Governor-General from independence until his death. HP G42-415DX Laptop Keyboard

He is revered in Pakistan as Quaid-i-Azam[b] (Great Leader) and Baba-i-Qaum[c] (Father of the Nation). His birthday is observed as a national holiday.[2][3]

Born in Karachi and trained as a barrister at Lincoln's Inn in London, Jinnah rose to prominence in the Indian National Congress in the first two decades of the...



07 Apr 2014

Mahatma Gandhi

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (pronounced [ˈmoːɦənd̪aːs ˈkərəmtʃənd̪ ˈɡaːnd̪ʱi] (  listen); 2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was the preeminent leader of Indian nationalism in British-ruled India. SONY VAIO VPCF126FM Laptop Keyboard

Employing nonviolent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. The honorific Mahatma (Sanskrit: "high-souled", "venerable"[2]) HP 496878-001 Laptop Keyboard

—applied to him first in 1914 in South Africa,[3]—is now used worldwide. He is also called Bapu (Gujarati: endearment for "father",[4] "papa"[4][5]) in India.

Born and raised in a Hindu, merchant caste, family in...



04 Apr 2014

David Lloyd George

David Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor, OM PC (17 January 1863 – 26 March 1945) was a BritishLiberal politician and statesman.

As Chancellor of the Exchequer (1908–1915), Lloyd George was a key figure in the introduction of many reforms which laid the foundations of the modern welfare state. His most important role came as the highly energetic Prime Minister of theWartime Coalition Government (1916–22), HP G62-361TX Laptop Keyboard

during and immediately after the First World War. He was a major player at theParis Peace Conference of 1919 that reordered Europe after the defeat of Germany in the Great War. He arguably made a greater impact on British public life than any other...



30 Mar 2014

Lázaro Cárdenas

Lázaro Cárdenas was born on May 21, 1895 in a lower-middle-class family in the village of Jiquilpan, Michoacán. He supported his family (including his mother and seven younger siblings) from age 16 after the death of his father. By the age of 18 he had worked as a tax collector, a printer's devil, and a jailkeeper.  HP Pavilion dv6-2157sb Laptop Keyboard

Although he left school at the age of eleven, he used every opportunity to educate himself and read widely throughout his life, especially works of history.

Cárdenas set his sights on becoming a teacher, but was drawn into politics and the military during the Mexican Revolution after Victoriano Huerta overthrew PresidentFrancisco Madero. HP...



24 Mar 2014

Abiah Folger

Franklin bequeathed £1,000 (about $4,400 at the time, or about $112,000 in 2011 dollars[156]) each to the cities of Boston and Philadelphia, in trust to gather interest for 200 years. The trust began in 1785 when the French mathematician Charles-Joseph Mathon de la Cour, who admired Franklin greatly, SONY VAIO PCG-FX501 Laptop Keyboard

wrote a friendlyparody of Franklin's "Poor Richard's Almanack" called "Fortunate Richard." The main character leaves a smallish amount of money in his will, five lots of 100livres, to collect interest over one, two, three, four or five full centuries, with the resulting astronomical sums to be spent on impossibly elaborate utopian projects.[157] Lenovo Thinkpad T420 Laptop...



20 Mar 2014

Alexandre Millerand

Born in Paris, he was educated for the bar, and made his reputation by his defence, in company with Georges Laguerre, ofErnest Roche (fr) and Duc-Quercy (fr), the instigators of the strike at Decazeville in 1883; TOSHIBA PK130260100 Keyboard

he then took Laguerre's place on Georges Clemenceau's paper, La Justice. He was elected to the Chamber of Deputies for the Seine département in 1885 as a Radical Socialist. He was associated with Clemenceau and Camille Pelletan as an arbitrator in the Carmauxstrike (1892). SONY VAIO VGN-CR42S Keyboard

He had long had the ear of the Chamber in matters of social legislation, and after the Panama scandals had discredited so many politicians his influence grew.

He...



17 Mar 2014

Communist Party USA

European merchants, backed by state controls, subsidies, and monopolies, made most of their profits from the buying and selling of goods. In the words ofFrancis Bacon, the purpose of mercantilism was "the opening and well-balancing of trade; the cherishing of manufacturers;  HP 622330-001 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan

the banishing of idleness; the repressing of waste and excess by sumptuary laws; the improvement and husbanding of the soil; the regulation of prices ..."[27]

The British East India Company and the Dutch East India Company inaugurated an expansive era of commerce and trade.[28][29] These companies were characterized by their colonial and expansionary powers given to them by...



16 Mar 2014

Pierre-Joseph Proudhon

Pierre-Joseph Proudhon (French: [pjɛʁ ʒɔzɛf pʁudɔ̃]) (15 January 1809 – 19 January 1865) was a French politician, the founder of Mutualist philosophy, an economist and a libertarian socialist. He was the first person to declare himself an anarchist [1] and is among its most influential theorists. COMPAQ Presario CQ50-210US laptop keyboard

He is considered by many to be the "father of anarchism".[2] He became a member of the French Parliament after the revolution of 1848, whereupon and thereafter he referred to himself as a federalist.[3] SONY VAIO VGN-NW18H/T laptop keyboard

Proudhon, who was born in Besançon, was a printer who taught himself Latin in order to better print books in...



16 Mar 2014

A cutting (usually a piece of stem of the parent plant) is cut off and stuck into soil. Artificial rooting hormones are sometimes used to improve chances of success. If the cutting does not die from rot-inducing fungi ordesiccation first, roots grow from the buried portion of the cutting to become a new complete plant. SONY UDQF2PH52CF0 Laptop CPU Cooling Fan

However although this works well for some plants (such asfigs and olives), for most fruit tree cultivars this method has much too low a success rate to be commercially viable. Root cuttings (pieces of root cut off and induced to grow a new trunk) are also not used to propagate fruit trees, although this method is successful with some herbaceous plants. Compaq Presario CQ61-216TU...